Sardinia South West is rich in archaeological finds from the Palaeolithic to the Roman period.
If you rent a holiday home in Sulcis, villa apartment, you can visit in comfort all these ancient remains

sardinia holidays!

Archaeology in South Sardinia



Attracted by the abundance of minerals of lead and iron, many civilizations have landed in Sardinia, and here they have left traces of their culture

Ancient finds from Punic Carthaginian until the Roman eraU


Neolithic necropolis, nuraghes, underground villages, catacombs, Punic-Roman temples, Museums: a few miles from your holiday home.

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Archaeological remains in Sardinia

Archaeologists now say with certainty that by the sixth millennium BC on, the various peoples of Sardinia lived the typical  evolution of the Neolithic, characterized by domestication of animals, by the birth of 'agriculture, by the birth of familial aggregation  to internal tribal groups, by the growth of  permanent villages where slowly developed technologies of polished stone, of ceramics and other artifacts, as well as the construction of the first boats in the coastal settlements. (1,800 to 1,300 BC). In particular, the findings show a strong development of pottery and a significant production of obsidian, traded with the peoples of southern France and especially with some Italian civilizations.

The Nuraghes – Nuragic civilization of Sardinia

The nuraghe is the main type of ancient megalithic edifice of Sardinia likely developed during the Nuragic Age between 1900-730 BC. Today it has come to be the symbol of Sardinia and its distinctive culture, the Nuragic civilization.
There is a similar type of structure which has a corridor or a system of corridors. Some authors consider them somewhat older than the typicalnuraghe and probably serving different purposes. The nuraghes were built between the middle of the Bronze Age (18th-15th centuries BC) and theLate Bronze Age. This clearly rules out any possible cultural correlation with later towers such as Scottish Brochs and Israelian El Awhat. The only similar buildings related to nuraghi seem to be Corse Towers.
According to Massimo Pallottino, a scholar of Sardinian prehistory and an Etruscologist, the architecture produced by the Nuragic was the most advanced of any civilization in the western Mediterranean during this epoch, including those in the regions of Magna Grecia. Of the 7,000 extant nuraghes, only a few have been scientifically excavated. Undoubtedly, many Nuragic Cultural traits and values were inherited by the Etruscans and by the Romans.( from Wikipedia)

archaeological  history in S. Antioco
burial ground in South Sardinia Villaperuccio Necropolis, Montessu – Sulcis, South Sardinia

The great pre-historical necropolis of Montessu, located at about 2 Km north-west of Villaperuccio, on the southern hillsides of Sa Pranedda (261 m), extends for over a kilometre upon a trachytic plateau surrounding a wide natural amphitheatre of extraordinary beauty.
The necropolis was discovered and brought to light since last century’s ‘70s. It undoubtedly stands as one of the most interesting archaeological areas in the Island, either due to its monumentality and to the significance it bears within the frame of studies on rituals and burial typologies of peoples inhabiting Sardinia before the coming of the Nuraghe.
Archaeological area of Montessu - 09010 Villaperuccio (CI) - Ph. +390781806077 - +393402328331

Carbonia, Monte Sirai

The archaeological site of Monte Sirai is situated just 3 km from the city of Carbonia (SS 126) and can be reached easily by road. The hill on which stands the Phoenician and Punic city has a history even older, dating to the Neolithic period (as evidenced by the Domus de Janas) and then nuragic. But it is only with the Phoenicians, who occupied from 750 BC around, and especially the Carthaginians (from 520 BC) the city has taken the form still visible today.
The settlement has divided into various sectors, which give the opportunity to visit the site by different routes: the village, where you can still clearly distinguish neighborhoods, streets, houses, religious structures with the inner temple, the town and the tophet, the necropolis, with the ancient Phoenician tombs and the beautiful rooms of the underground burial tombs Carthaginians. It is therefore possible to book visits to the establishment, within the Archaeological Park features all the best facilities for visitors

Archaeological remains in South Western Sardinia
Archaeological finds in Sardinia South West Carbonia,Civico Museo Archeologico di Villa Sulcis

Information and booking of the Municipality: phone: 39078163512. Services offered: guided tours for singles, groups and schools, in Italian, French and English language. Archaeo-trekking. Historical-archaeological itineraries, didactic laboratories for schools, visit to Phoenician houses and shops.

The temple of Antas - Fluminimaggiore

The temple of Antas is a temple Punic-Roman  dedicated to the worship of  gods. It is located about 10km south of the village Fluminimaggiore, in an area in which they resided  the Carthaginians, and the Romans later, attracted by abundant deposits of lead and iron in the area. The Punic temple was built around the year 500 BC and the Roman temple was built up there around 10 AD.  In the area of the temple of Antas were found numerous remains of votive offerings, such as statues and coins

Archaeology in South Sardinia
ruines of medieval  Castle in  Sardinia Two Medieval castles:
Acquafredda in Siliqua and Gioiosaguardia in Villamassargia

These are the ruins of two Medieval castles of Sardinia, built for defensive purposes to protect the  borders. Both are perched on top of steep rocky peaks. The arrival of the enemy  was announced from castle to castle by means of light signals, such as fires and mirrors. Their story is very complex, and covers the period of the"Giudicati", the period of Pisa domination, until the Spanish domination.
There is a historical certainty: both belonged to the family of Gherardesca counts of Donoratico. The Count Ugolino della Gherardesca is also mentioned in Canto XXXIII of Dante's Divine Comedy. The Count Ugolino was imprisoned with her two sons in a tower, and condemned to die of hunger. Before he died, was fed with the flesh of children, died before him. In the forty years between 1391 and 1492 the two castles, Gioiosaguardia of Villamassargia and Acquafredda of Siliqua, for facts now unknown, were abandoned by the Spanish and fell into disuse. Over the centuries, become a destination for "treasures hunters": it was stolen everything that was removable and usable elsewhere. There are very detailed historical studies on medieval castles of Sardinia. (For example: F. Fois, medieval castles of Sardinia, edited by B. Fois,Cinisello Balsamo, Amilcare Pizzi, 1992, pp. 91-97)

Castle of Villamassargia, South Sardinia
Sant'Antioco, an island rich in ancient findings

In the short space of a small town, visitors can admire many archaeological finds of great interest from the Neolithic to the Nuraghic, from the Phoenicians to the Carthaginians and Romans. At a short distance from the holiday houses they rent in Sant'Antioco itself,  in Calasetta, in Carloforte on the Island of San Pietro, or in the Sulcis of Carbonia and Iglesias.

Sant’Antioco, Phoenician Carthaginian necropolis: Among the necropolis of the age  Punic Carthaginian in Sardinia, the one of Sulcis Sant'Antioco was the most 'important for the vastness  of the funeral system, for the architectural and archaeological complexity, for the remains found during excavations in the tombs.
The section that is currently visible  was used between the end of the sixth and the end of the third century. B.C. , ie during the period corresponding to the Carthaginian conquest of Sardinia.
At the Punic age the funeral  was merely the interment , but there are testimonials attributable to the later rite of cremation. The graves are almost all located near the ancient Basilica of Sant' Antioco and towards the center of the town.
The burial chambers contained no more than one deposition, while others, used at least three centuries, bear traces of 40/50 bodies.  The tombs are basically made up of two parts: the access corridor, called dromos, consisting of a stair and a landing, and the burial chamber which receives the bodies of the dead and their outfits.
The body, once introduced in the hypogeum, was accompanied by ritual vases and containers . The amphorae of large and small size could be used to contain water or wine, then jugs, cups, dishes and lamps.
The clay pots are the biggest objects inside the tombs, but there are  also gold jewelry, amulets and  glass paste scarabs used as seal. (From Archeotur,  a “cooperative” for tourist services to the archaeological remains in Sant’Antioco, phone +393897962114 and  +393890505107)
Sant’Antioco, Tophet : “Tophet was a place of cult under the open skies, used from around 770 to 50 B.C. by the Phoenicians and then by the Carthaginians as a cemetery and crematorium for infants. The word tophet comes from the Aramaic “tapìa” which means “place of arson”. What’s more it  … “  (text from www.archeotur.it – Archeotur is a “cooperative” for tourist services to the archaeological remains in Sant’Antioco, phone +393897962114 and  +393890505107)
 INFO and booking of the Municipality: via U.Foscolo – phone: +39078182105 ,  +393897962114
Sant’Antioco, Undergound Village, Ipogeo: Welcome to the subterranean village, found on the western side of the hill, overlooked by Fort Sabaudo, which since the 6th century B.C. had been dug by the Carthaginians to create tombs to bury their dead. The Carthaginian conquest of Sardinia which took place after the 5th century B.C., brought about a domain that lasted from the late 6th century to the late 3rd century B.C. when Sardinia passed under Roman dominion. ...” The burial chambers were then reused as dwellings from the early centuries after the tenth century until a few years ago from the poorest families in the town (From Archeotur,  a “cooperative” for tourist services to the archaeological remains in Sant’Antioco, phone +393897962114 and  +393890505107)
Sant’Antioco, Basilica: The Basilica of St. Antioco Martire, built over the tomb of the saint, is one of the oldest monuments in the region.
It was built around the fifth century, with a plan of  Greek cross and the chancel facing east and a probable domed body, then revised and enriched with architectural elements.
In the twelfth century the church of St. Antiochus suffered widenings who changed the structure, up to hide the original construction of Middle Ages. Attributable to this date are: the inclusion of the aisles, and the lengthening of the nave, with the consequent abandonment of the Greek cross, and the construction of the main apse of the chapel to the north, a total coverage of the walls with plaster and frescoes of minor art, removed from the walls only in 1966.
And it’s possible that the paving Byzantine mosaic presumably is ruined and then gone lost  since  this century.
Sant’Antioco,  the Catacombs: Sant'Antioco had founded the first Christian community in South West Sardinia, around the years 100 AD. With the rehabilitation of five subterranean rooms ( part of the vast areas of the Punic necropolis dating from the sixth century. B.C). this community created a real  collective cemetery for the members of the faith, up to the death of Antiochus "follower of Christ".
After the death of the martyr, fixed by tradition, in 127 AD, his body was laid in the sarcophagus (now it’s the altar at the entrance of the catacombs). Basilica di Sant’Antioco Martire, Piazza Parrocchia 22 – phone +39078183044
Sant’Antioco, Archaeological Museum “Ferruccio Barreca” :  “ It is the museum of the oldest city of Sardinia, in fact its materials come from the old inhabited area of the underground necropolis and tophet. The museum is one of a kind in Mediterranean Europe, offering a unique study of Phoenician and Punic civilisations. It can be found in ... “  (text from www.archeotur.it – Archeotur is a “cooperative” for tourist services to the archaeological remains in Sant’Antioco, phone +393897962114 and  +393890505107)
 INFO and booking of the Municipality: via U.Foscolo – phone: +39078182105 ,  +393897962114, Sant’Antioco, South Sardinia, West coast



Other interesting things to visit in Sant'Antioco

The Roman Bridge that connects the mainland to the island. The spinning and weaving of bisso fibers according to an ancient tradition. The Ethnographic Museum displaying old tools for everyday life.

Archaeology: Phoenician Carthaginian burial ground in Sardinia
Phoenician Punic necropolis in Sulcis, Sardinia, Italy
Punic underground village, Sardinia South West
Saint Antioco Basilica in Sulcis, Sardinia SW
Catacombs of early Christians, Sant’Antioco, Sardinia
Archaeological finds in Sardinia South West
South Sardinia archaeology: Roman Bridge
The shell Pinna Nobilis, the mother of bisso fiber
Spinning and weaving Bisso
The Ethnographical Museum, Sardinia South West
a fortress of ninetheenth Century in South Sardinia
The Roman bridge of Sant 'Antioco known to all as "Pontimannu" represents, as indeed the other bridges in Sardinian, a "unicum" not only in its form but also in its position in the territory.
Unlike the other, it connects the mainland with an island and not the opposite shores of a river. The name recalls the existence of other bridges, smaller, which bound the island of Sant'Antioco to the mainland Sardinia through the union of the islands of the isthmus
Spinning and weaving of Bisso The silk of the Kings, extracted from a large shell.The Bisso is a fiber of animal origin of particular value: it is produced by a large bivalve mollusc (Pinna nobilis) present in the depths of the Mediterranean Sea. Its dark amber color changes when exposed to light, where the effect of the rays of the sun turns to gold. The spinning and weaving of bisso has a history that is lost in the mists of time. The Bible speaks of it as the fabric of King Solomon, Queen Hecuba, as well as Aristotle tells us ... Today it remains a small museum in S. Antioco:  the door is always open to visitors free of charge. Clara Rigo, teacher of spinning, want to keep alive the memory of this ancient tradition.Museo del Bisso. Address: via regina Margherita 113, Sant'Antioco, South West Sardinia, phone: +390781828177, +393473302237
Sant’Antioco, Ethnographical museum:“Welcome to the Ethnographical museum “Su magasinu de su binu”, a building that goes back to the first half of the 19th century which was originally used for processing and preserving wine. In the open courtyard you can admire the container used in the preparation of copper sulphate used for ... “  (text from www.archeotur.it – Archeotur is a “cooperative” for tourist services to the archaeological remains in Sant’Antioco, phone +393897962114 and  +393890505107)
INFO  and booking of the municipality: via U.Foscolo – phone: +393890505107 – Sant’Antioco, South Sardinia, West coast
Sant’Antioco, Forte de su Pisu, (1812) : On the top of the hill that dominates the basilica of Sant’Antioco, overlooking the Punic necropolis of ancient sulky, is Fort Sabaudo, locally known as “su pisu”. The roofless military building was built between 1813 and 1815, during the height of the Savoy period. Due to the continuous incursions of barbarian invaders, the authorities of Sant’Antioco at the end of the 1700’s devised a defence plan that ...  “(text from www.archeotur.it – Archeotur is a “cooperative” for tourist services to the archaeological remains in Sant’Antioco, phone +393897962114 and  +393890505107)
 INFO and booking of the Municipality: via U.Foscolo – phone: +39078182105 ,  +393897962114, Sant’Antioco, South Sardinia, West coast
Conclusions: We have given a brief information about the ancient  finds and archaeological remains, of which Sardinia South is very rich. We were certainly short, but visitors will surely find publications in a detailed, written with scientific criteria. We think that at least one day of your vacation week should be devoted to visiting these sites.The distances are short; from where you have rented the holiday home, apartment or villa,  are never more than 40 km. to get from any point up to Sant 'Antioco, Carloforte, Isola San Pietro, Calasetta, Portoscuso, Gonnesa, Nebida, Masua, Buggerru, Iglesias,Carbonia, Villamassargia, Domusnovas.

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True-South-Sardinia-holidays advertises vacation rentals and holiday homes, villas and apartments, in the province of Carbonia Iglesias.And gives also info about the archaeological findings and remains.
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